How Does a Mortgage Work?

Let’s take things back to basics. Here is a step by step guide to the mortgage process.

But the thing is, there is more than one type of mortgage. In this blog, we’re going to go through different types of mortgages. As well as guide you through how a mortgage works. Here are some examples of different mortgage options on the market.

Schedule a call with an Adviser

What is a Mortgage?

A mortgage is a loan you take out to help you buy a property or land. For most lenders, you will have to put down a minimum of a 5% deposit and the rest of the money you need will form the loan. Typically, most mortgages are taken out for a period of 25 years (Some mortgages may have longer or shorter terms) and the mortgage loan is secured against the value of your property.

You will pay back this loan monthly over an agreed period of time. You will also pay interest on the amount you have borrowed alongside your monthly payments. This is either a fixed interest rate or a variable rate of interest. Fixed interest rates are unchangeable payments you agree to. Whereas variable interest rates will fluctuate depending on the current interest rate set by the lender.


The interest rate of your mortgage is something you have to consider when planning your monthly payments. It’s important that the mortgage applied for is affordable and Lenders have strict criteria concerning affordability.

 With affordability being a key consideration it is important that you work out your outgoings. Include financial commitments such as HP, loans or credit card bills, tax, food bills, and household bills. These are all things your lender will consider when calculating your affordability when you apply for a mortgage. Mortgage lenders require proof of your monthly income and specific expenditure information. As well as if you have any debts to repay.

happy couple signing for a mortgage

Mortgage Interest Rates

Typical interest rates are the lender’s variable rate (often known as the standard variable rate), fixed rates, tracker rates and discounted rates.

Variable-rate mortgages. A variable-rate is set by the individual lender. As the name suggests, with a variable rate mortgage your interest rate and mortgage payment could go up or down from month to month. If you choose a variable interest rate, this can be beneficial if interest rates drop.

Fixed-rate mortgages set the interest rate at a fixed amount for a period of time. This is normally a period of 2 to 5 years, however, there are longer-term fixed rates around sometimes up to 10 years in term. The advantage of the fixed-rate is a known monthly payment, however, if interest rates drop below your rate, then you will be potentially paying more than you need to.

Tracker rates, follow the Bank of England base rate. The rate could be described as “base rate +2%, this means that your interest rate would be the Bank of England base rate +2%. However, if the Bank of England base rate changes, the rate you pay will change, up or down.

Discounted mortgages follow the lender’s standard variable layer rate. The lender sets the variable rate and typically when the Bank of England changes the base rate, up or down. Then the variable-rate will generally follow suit plus or minus a margin for the lender. This again means that the monthly payment can change up to or down.

With most mortgage deals, all your rate will revert to the lender’s variable rate when your initial scheme comes to an end. So, as an example, if you have opted for a two-year fixed rate, at the end of the 2 year period your mortgage would revert to a variable rate.

How Mortgages Work When Moving Home

Depending on your mortgage deal, you may be able to transfer an existing mortgage loan onto your new property. This will depend on the value of your current property and your new house. You may be asked to take out more money to afford your new property. But, you may also be able to pay off your existing mortgage by scaling down in home size.

Types of Mortgages

There are three main types of mortgages:

● First-Time Buyer – This a mortgage specific for people taking their first step onto the property ladder. If you’re buying your first home, this is the mortgage that you will benefit most from.

●     Remortgage – Remortgaging can be a great way to save money and find a better interest rate for a similar mortgage type where there is no additional borrowing. It is always important to consult a mortgage advisor when you consider remortgaging. This way you ensure you find the best deal for you based on your needs, circumstances and preferences. You may have to pay an early repayment charge to your existing lending if you remortgage.

● Home-Mover – This type of mortgage helps you to move from one property to another. For people who have already brought their first home.

Whenever considering which mortgage is right for you and your circumstances, it is vital to consult a mortgage advisor. For more information from our mortgage experts, get in touch with our team today:

Contact Us Today

Give us a call on 01604 300033 to enquire about all the mortgage options available to you. If you have any questions, please contact us to discuss your options –

Schedule a call with an Adviser


Moving house during the coronavirus outbreak

Moving house during this time will require new processes and adaptations to ensure that everyone is safe and the risk of spreading coronavirus reduced as best as possible. Here is our quick step guide on how to stay safe and protect others when moving during this time.

To view the full guide, please click the image below

Book an Adviser's Time

Coronavirus – The Impact on Mortgages and Property Purchases

With the impact of Coronavirus affecting almost every industry, mortgage applications are no exception. Mortgage providers are still working hard to help applicants, but naturally there will be some disruption.

This guidance document aims to provide some additional information on
the impact the current situation has on any existing mortgages, as well as
highlighting some key considerations if you are in the process of applying
for a mortgage.

Download this article

Interest Rates

The Bank of England base rate has dropped to the lowest in its history,
which means that mortgage interest rates will also reduce. If you have
a tracker rate mortgage, then the rate you are charged will also reduce
because the interest rate you are charged tracks the Bank of England base
rate. In this scenario, your mortgage provider will be writing to you in due
course, to confirm how this will affect your monthly mortgage payment.
Even if your mortgage is not deemed a ‘tracker’ mortgage, you may be
on a variable deal. Although variable deals do not specifically track a base
rate, variable deal interest rates are set by your mortgage provider, and
can fluctuate in line with market conditions.
If your mortgage is on a Standard Mortgage Rate (SMR) or Standard
Variable Rate (SVR) then it is likely that your lender may reduce your
interest rate moving forward and will write to you shortly to confirm
how this will affect your monthly mortgage payment.

Mortgage Payment Holidays

In line with the UK Government announcements to assist mortgage
borrowers, mortgage providers are offering payment holidays in
an effort to assist those who have been financially impacted by the
Coronavirus outbreak. If you are facing financial difficulty and wish to
apply for a payment holiday, most mortgage providers have requested
borrowers contact them directly, as opposed to going via a broker.

The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) wants to reassure that if you
request a payment holiday, there will be no impact on your credit
score and that companies should not be investigating the reason
for requesting the payment holiday. This guidance is specific to
mortgage borrowing, therefore if you are concerned about financial
difficulty linked to any other borrowing, e.g. credit cards or loans, it is
recommended that you contact your credit provider to discuss how
they can help you at this time. You can also contact the Money Advice
Service at, which provides free and
impartial support to anyone concerned about financial difficulty.

The method to apply for a mortgage payment holiday varies
from lender to lender. Owing to the high volume of calls, it is
recommended that you check your mortgage provider’s website for
further instruction before telephoning. To avoid high telephone call
volumes, some mortgage providers have set up an online application
form for customers who wish to request a payment holiday.

If you are in financial difficulty, it is important you do not simply
cancel your monthly mortgage direct debit without contacting your
mortgage provider as this could have a detrimental impact on your
future credit history.

One thing that is key to bear in mind is to consider when your current
mortgage deal may end. If your mortgage deal is ending soon, it is
important to speak to your mortgage provider before requesting
a payment holiday as some mortgage lenders will not allow you to
review your deal whilst you are in a payment holiday period. This is
particularly important to consider, as once your deal ends it is likely
your interest rate will automatically revert to a Standard Mortgage
Rate (SMR) or Standard Variable Rate (SVR). These SMR and SVR
interest rates are likely to be higher, and if you are unable to review
your deal until the end of your payment holiday i.e. in 3 months, the
interest you will be charged will be a higher amount, and you may end
up paying more overall.

Mortgage Protection Payment Insurance

In addition to mortgage payment holidays, it is worth checking if
you hold Mortgage Payment Protection Insurance (MPPI). This is an
insurance policy which provides monetary support to pay your mortgage
if you are off work for a long period of time, as a result of illness, or in
some circumstances, through unemployment.
These types of policies will typically require you to be off work for at least
30 days before your claim can be submitted, but it’s worth checking to
confirm if you have cover and what your cover provides.

Remortgaging or Switching Your Deal

As mortgage interest rates have dropped, remortgaging your home to
a new provider could be a good opportunity to save money. It is worth
noting however that some mortgage providers are now limiting the
amount a customer can borrow and in some cases, not taking new
mortgage business at all in the current climate.
This does not mean you cannot still switch your mortgage deal with your
current lender to a more competitive interest rate. For borrowers who
are not currently locked into a deal, the option of a ‘product transfer’,
where you exit your current deal but remain with your existing provider
on a lower interest rate, could save you money. Please contact your
mortgage broker to discuss this further.

Moving Home

If you are thinking about buying or moving home, it is still possible to
obtain a mortgage, however timeframes may be significantly impacted.
The simple logistics of property viewings and valuations are severely
limited at present owing to social distancing obligations. Whilst this may
mean certain re-mortgages will still be possible, it could potentially have
a detrimental effect on purchases, as those involved in the process will
understandably want a property to be sufficiently valued, especially if
home improvements have been done.

Clarification from the Government about whether home purchases and
home moves should continue at the current time have said:

• Home buyers and renters should, as far as possible, delay moving to a
new house while emergency measures are in place to fight coronavirus.
• If moving is unavoidable for contractual reasons and the buyers and
vendors are unable to reach an agreement to delay, people must
follow advice on social distancing to minimise the spread of the virus.
• Anyone with symptoms, self-isolating or shielding from the virus,
should follow medical advice and not move house for the time being.

I am awaiting a valuation for a property I am wanting to buy, how will this be affected?

Some lenders are able to do desktop valuations on properties, as
opposed to physically going out to view them. If this is not possible, in
some instances larger estate agencies are offering video valuations to
mortgage providers to help avoid delay with mortgage applications.
This is not an option for all companies or all mortgage transaction
types. Some providers have postponed physical valuations until
further notice, however all other work pertaining to your mortgage
will be going on in the background to help avoid any further delay.
Once it is deemed safe for valuers to proceed with physical valuations
and visit the property, then your mortgage lender will be able to
assess and progress your application accordingly.

I have instructed a HomeBuyers Report on the property I am purchasing, how will this
be affected?

In line with UK Government guidance, it is likely all homebuyers
valuations will be suspended, with the situation assessed again at a
future date. Any booked surveys will be cancelled and then rescheduled
following the outcome of the latest Government advice at that point.

I want to apply for a further advance on my mortgage to help with reduced income at this
time, can I do this?

Some mortgage lenders are not currently accepting any new applications
at this time. This is to help ease any backlog of ongoing applications,
and simply to protect themselves and borrowers at this uncertain
time. However should your mortgage provider still be accepting new
applications, and subject to their satisfactory assessment of your income,
then applications for further borrowing may be possible.

Please be aware that should your lender require an up-to-date physical
valuation of your property, then the application may be subject to the
delays mentioned above, until such time valuers are able to gain access
to the property in line with UK Government advice.

I work in an industry severely affected by coronavirus, will my application be declined?

At this moment there are no widespread limitations from mortgage
providers restricting the occupations of customers they will lend to.
There are a few instances of mortgage lenders who will currently not
consider mortgage applications from customers who work in travel,
retail, hospitality and entertainment. However this is an exception, and
not the generic stance across the board.

I have already submitted my application, will I receive the interest rate deal I applied for?

Once your mortgage lender has received your application they should
honour the deal. Even if that interest rate deal is now no longer
available, you will have reserved the product and the rate at the time
your application was submitted.


How Does a Remortgage Work?

Remortgaging is something that people go through all the time. But what does a remortgage mean in practice? What are the actual benefits of remortgaging a property – and when can you remortgage at all? Some of the processes can seem a little confusing at first, which is why we’re here to help break things down a little for you.

Continue reading “How Does a Remortgage Work?”